Sunday, October 8, 2017

When such Acts were still Criminalized

           Turing, the Benefactor to Humanity

      U-boat, (in German U-Boot), means 

                                         [undersea boat,
      and as Winston Churchill wrote,
      the defeat of the U-boat threat 
                                       [was the key,
      for pushing back the Germans...for 
                                      [victory at sea..

     These submarines were the spearhead 
                                                of Adolf,*                     *Hitler
      and were attacking in groups called Wolf ..
      No Allied ship was safe at sea, or ports 
                                                       [even in gulfs..

      This means no supplies and no ammunition 
                                       [for the troops.

      It was impossible for the Allies
      to know the positions of these U-boats..
There wasn't way to enter the fort "Enigma", 
                                            [(fort in quotes)
a perfect cryptographic device, a code,
a fence in the alliance road,
to detect the enemy submarines...

     Alan Turing must have had Superman genes,
     because he achieved the impossible...
     He broke the code,
     and the sinking of U-boats was possible.

The war was cut short and saved millions of people..
Thanks to him the bells of victory 
 resounded in every steeple....

     This British genius is also the father of computer science.
     Although the benefactor to humanity and the alliance,
     Turing was prosecuted for homosexuality in 1952
     (You should not have any doubt, it's absolutely true...)
     when such acts were still criminalized
     in the United Kingdom...
     Ungratefulness? Ingratitude? Lack of wisdom?

The Queen granted him a posthumous pardon
on 24 December 2013.
Right thinking, right decision, wise queen.

Texts and Narration: Odysseus Heavilayias - ROTTERDAM //
Language adjustments and text adaptation: Kellene G Safis - CHICAGO//
Digital adaptation and text editing: Cathy Rapakoulia Mataraga - PIRAEUS

Νο: 10

* Alan Mathison Turingwas a British mathematician, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, computer scientist, mathematical biologist, and marathon and ultra distance runner. He was highly influential in the development of computer science, providing a formalisation of the concepts of "algorithm" and "computation" with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general purpose computer.
Turing is widely considered to be the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence." 

During World War II, Turing worked for the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park, Britain's codebreaking centre. For a time he led Hut 8, the section responsible for German naval cryptanalysis. He devised a number of techniques for breaking German ciphers, including improvements to the pre-war Polish bombe method, an electromechanical machine that could find settings for the Enigma machine. 

Winston Churchill said that Turing made the single biggest contribution to Allied victory in the war against Nazi Germany. Turing's pivotal role in cracking intercepted coded messages enabled the Allies to defeat the Nazis in several crucial battles. Turing was prosecuted for homosexuality. 

He accepted treatment with oestrogen injections (chemical castration) as an alternative to prison. Turing died in 1954, 16 days before his 42nd birthday, from cyanide poisoning. An inquest determined his death a suicide; his mother and some others believed it was accidental. 

On 10 September 2009, following an Internet campaign, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown made an official public apology on behalf of the British government for "the appalling way he was treated." The Queen granted him a posthumous pardon.

On 13 March 2000, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines issued a set of postage stamps to celebrate the greatest achievements of the 20th century, one of which carries a portrait of Turing against a background of repeated 0s and 1s, and is captioned: "1937: Alan Turing's theory of digital computing". 

On 1 April 2003, Turing's work at Bletchley Park was named an IEEE Milestone.  
On 28 October 2004, a bronze statue of Alan Turing sculpted by John W. Mills was unveiled at the University of Surrey in Guildford, marking the 50th anniversary of Turing's death; it portrays him carrying his books across the campus. In 2006, Boston Pride named Turing their Honorary Grand Marshal.


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